Neurofeedback is a proven treatment for Attention Deficit Disorder & ADHD. Neurotherapy is a natural remedy and provides a permanent, drug-free cure for attention disorders.

ABC News – Smart Family segment

The following are brief excerpts from:

Evidence-Based Practice in Biofeedback and Neurofeedback Donald Moss, Ph.D., and Lynda Kirk, MA

Attention Deficit (ADD) & Hyperactivity (ADHD) Disorder

Studies on ADD and ADHD are difficult to interpret because they use a variety of training protocols and a variety of outcome measures. Nevertheless, numerous case studies demonstrate the efficacy of neurofeedback in treating ADD and ADHD.

Uncontrolled studies using neurofeedback contingent on decreasing slow wave activity and increasing fast wave activity show that persons with attention deficit disorder (ADD) improved in ADD symptoms, intelligence score, and academic performance . Only those individuals who significantly reduced theta over the training sessions also showed a 12-point increase in WISC-R IQ, improved Test of Variables of Attention (TOVA), and ADDES rating score. One large multi – center study (1,089 participants, aged 5-67 years) showed that sensorimotor – beta neurofeedback training led to significant improvement in attentiveness, impulse control, and response variability as measured on the TOVA in those with moderate pre-training deficits.

EEG biofeedback training has also been used successfully in the school setting. A few controlled studies have also been done that compare neurofeedback to other treatments. The first of these was a study done with 4 hyperkinetic children under six conditions

1) no drug

2) drug only

3) drug and sensory motor rhythm (SMR) training

4) drug and SMR reversal training

5) drug and SMR training II

6) no drug and SMR training

Combining medication and SMR training resulted in substantial improvements in behavioral indices that exceeded the effects of drugs alone and were sustained with SMR training after medication was withdrawn. These changes were absent in the one highly distractible child who failed to acquire the SMR task.

Other studies have shown that after 30 sessions of neurofeedback, 16 of 24 patients taking medications were able to lower their dose or discontinue medication totally. Finally, Monastra, Monastra and George studied 100 children with ADD/ADHD receiving Ritalin, parent counseling and academic support at school. Based on parent preference, 50 children also received EEG biofeedback. While children improved on the TOVA and an ADD evaluation scale while taking Ritalin, only those who had EEG biofeedback sustained these improvements without Ritalin.

In summary, these studies suggest the neurofeedback is better than no treatment and equivalent or better to medication. However, to be effective, at least 20 sessions of neurofeedback must be provided, with some clinicians providing 40 – 50 sessions.

To read the full report click here. The following are references supporting the above excerpts.

– Alhambra, M.A., Fowler, T.P., & Alhambra, A.A. (1995). EEG biofeedback: A new treatment option for ADD/ADHD. Journal of Neurotherapy, 1(2), 39-43.

– Boyd, W.D., & Campbell, S.E. (1998). EEG biofeedback in the schools: The use of EEG biofeedback to treat ADHD in a school setting. Journal of Neurotherapy, 2(4), 65-71.

– Grin’-Yatsenko, V. A., Kropotov, Yu. D., Ponomarev, V. A., Chutko, L. S., & Yakovenko, E. A. (2001). Effect of biofeedback training of sensorimotor and beta-sub-1EEG rhythms on attention parameters. Human Physiology, 27(3), 259-266.

– Kaiser, D.A., & Othmer, S. (2000). Effect of neurofeedback on variables of attention in a large multicenter trial. Journal of Neurotherapy, 4(1), 5-15.

– Lubar, J.F., Swartwood, M.O., Swartwood, J.N., & O’Donnell, P.H. (1995). Evaluation of the effectiveness of EEG neurofeedback training for ADHD in a clinical setting as measured by changes in T.O.V.A. scores, behavioral ratings, and WISC-R performance. Biofeedback and Self Regulation, 20(1), 83-99.

– Monastra, V.J., Monastra, D.M., & George, S. (2002). The effects of stimulant therapy, EEG biofeedback, and parenting style on the primary symptoms of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder. Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback, 27(4), 231-249.

– Shouse, M.N., & Lubar, J.F. (1979). Operant conditioning of EEG rhythms and ritalin in the treatment of hyperkinesis. Biofeedback and Self Regulation, 4(4), 299-312.

– Thompson, L., & Thompson, M. (1998). Neurofeedback combined with training in metacognitive strategies: Effectiveness in students with ADD. Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback, 23(4), 243-263.


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